국제로비스트_National Defence_THE YULGOK PROJECT SYSTEM (Mr. Jung-Sun Kim)_5

 

 

Development of A Weapon System

 

Development of western weapons

 

Submarines

 

200 years ago, Bushnell, an American scientist, developed a method of underwater attack. After 110 years, Dutch submarine development shocked the English navy and became the prototype for modern submarines. Thereafter, great importance was placed on submarines, especially by nations that had a weak navy. As World War II began, powerful countries expanded their submarine powers without hesitation.

 

What is outstanding is the emergence of the nuclear submarine. This is totally different from a mere underwater ship and it brought about renovations to underwater power. Submarines were equipped with high-functioning missiles so that they had power to retaliate.

 

Prior to World War II, warships were the first consideration for the military. After World War II, however, aircraft carriers were considered the most important equipment. Most recently, the submarine’s great importance has been realized. The main force of a nation’s naval power is in its submarines. Germany realized great achievements with submarines, but it was the U.S. that achieved technical renovation in the submarine by using the atomic engine.

 

Aircraft

 

In 1903, the Wright brothers were the first to successfully fly an aircraft, and as military divisions around the world tried to use it for military purposes, research and development advanced continuously. Therefore, by August 1914, powerful nations were manufacturing warfare aircraft.

 

During World War I, aircraft was used for military purposes because of the desire to cover a wider range of targets for reconnaissance than cavalry could manage. However, France, which had made the most significant developments in aircraft fields, considered aircraft for bombing from the air as well as for reconnaissance and observing military activities. The first bombing was recorded in 1910, however it was a manual operation in which a soldier used his hands to drop the bomb. On August 27, 1939, the first jet plane, the Heinkel 178, flew successfully, and the U.S., England, France, and Germany turned warning radar to practical use. Also, the American chopper Sik or sky VS-300 succeeded in its first flight on May 20, 1940, and aircraft technology beganto realize practical use. During World War II, aircraft played a role in zoning, however development of each aircraft including supersonic fighters during the Korean War and Vietnamese War showed the importance of aircraft as a weapon for modern war.

 

Nuclear weapons

 

A nuclear weapon is a device that uses energy emitted from a nuclear reaction, that is, nuclear fission or fusion, for killing and destroying people and logistics. A complete nuclear weapon or nuclear weapon system is a means for indicating and controlling explosive nuclear material, however, general nuclear weapons refer to nuclear war heads, and do not include a transport system. Nuclear weapons are classified as follows, according to their type of reaction and purpose of use.

 

Classification according to type of reaction

 

A. Nuclear fission weapon

 

Generally called the ‘atomic bomb,’ a weapon of nuclear fission is called a ‘uranium shell’when it uses uranium as its type of nuclear fission material, and a ‘plutonium bomb’ when it uses plutonium. According to their explosive power, bombs in the 20k ton class are called ‘standard atomic bombs,’ those in the 20-50k ton class are called ‘large atomic bombs,’ and if smaller than 20k, they are called ‘small atomic bombs.’

 

B. Nuclear fusion weapons

 

This bomb, the ‘hydrogen bomb,’ refers to weapons that are exploded by the nuclear fusion reaction caused by the combination of light atoms like tritium (T) and lithium (Li) with deuterium. It is also known as a ‘thermonuclear’ weapon as it uses the energy emitted by the nuclear fusion reaction of deuterium or tritium. The ‘iridium bomb,’a basic hydrogen bomb which minimizes radioactive fallout by using the atomic bomb for detonation or the neutron bomb for enhancing early radioactive effects, is called a ‘clean bomb.’The uranium or 3F (Fission-Fission-Fission) bomb enhances the effects of remaining radioactivity by wrapping the exterior of the hydrogen bomb with natural uranium. These are called ‘mean bombs.’

 

Classification according to purpose of use

 

A. Tactical nuclear weapons

 

These are nuclear weapons with small power (KT class of 10 units) and the shooting range (500 miles or less, like SBRM) are discharged by means of transport.

 

B. Strategy nuclear weapons

 

In general, strategy nuclear war power refers to strategy weapons or attack strategy nuclear war power, and it is largely classified into ICBM, SLBM, and LRB types. Generically, this is the complete weapon system, including the means of transporting the nuclear bomb, commanding telecommunications, controlling facilities, and manipulating personnel, but strategy nuclear weapons refer only to the nuclear warhead used for this strategic nuclear strategy. Consequently, it is the nuclear weapon with the largest power (KT class of 20 units to MT class) and the longest shooting distance (above the shooting range of MRMB or IRBM) discharged by the means of transport.

 

C. Theater nuclear weapons

 

These refer to the nuclear weapons arranged in an area like Europe or Asia, and may also include partial strategic nuclear weapons. The strategic nuclear weapon included in the local nuclear weapon includes MRBM (range: 1,500-500 miles) and IRBM (range: 4,000-1,500 miles) in the case of ballistic missiles, and MRB (range: 3,500-6,000 miles) in the case of the bomber.